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Celebration and Reflection at the Twentieth 
Anniversary Meeting 

On Saturday, November 12, 1994, after a delightful 
lunch in most convivial company at the Nassau Inn, some 
sixty members and guests walked across the Princeton cam- 
pus to McCormack Hall for the twentieth anniversary meet- 
ing of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It was 
on January 1 2, 1 974, at the same Nassau Inn, that Stan Marx 
had gathered together the following people to help him in 
the founding of our society: Alice Berkey, Morton Cohen, 
Doris Frohnsdorff, Martin Gardner, Edward Guiliano, 
Michael Hearn, Joyce Hines, Florence Lennon, David 
Schaefer, Maxine Schaefer, Justin Schiller, Elizabeth Sewell, 
Alexander Wainwright, and Raymond Wapner. From that 
first fifteen, the society has grown to an international mem- 
bership of almost 400; has published a distinguished series 
of scholarly editions, chapbooks, and newsletters; and has 
met semi-annually across North America from New York to 
San Francisco and from Toronto, Canada, to Austin, Texas. 
At the center of all of these activities, or at least not very far 
removed from them, remained Stan Marx. Although there 
was much excitement about our twentieth-anniversary meet- 
ing, enthusiasm for the on-going Lewis Carroll pamphlets 
publishing project (which Stan had 
directed) and the new Alice database 
among many other things, the recent 
death of Stan Marx on July 13, 1994, 
tempered our joy. The fact that we 
were meeting again at Princeton af- 
ter twenty very successful years was 
itself a tribute to Stan Marx. At the 
tenth anniversary meeting, also held 
at Princeton, Stan had given a talk en- 
titled "There's glory for you." Of the 
Lewis Carroll Society of North 
America I think it could be said 
"There's glory for Stan Marx." 

Dr. Stephen Ferguson, Assis- 
tant Librarian for Rare Books, wel- 
comed us back to Princeton and en- 
couraged us all to visit the exhibit of 
Carroll materials from the Parrish 

by A ugust Imholtz 

Collection that Dr. Alexander Wainwright of the Firestone 
Library had mounted in the lobby. Outgoing president Charlie 
Lovett thanked Dr. Ferguson and Princeton for their won- 
derful hospitality, and also acknowledged our superb pro- 
gram coordinator, Janet Jurist, for arranging the meeting. 
He then requested a moment of silence in honor of Stan Marx 
before introducing former LCSNA President Professor Ed- 
ward Guiliano who wished to say a few words, in a moving 
tribute to Stan, Ed recalled how he, while still in graduate 
school, first met Stan through Anne Clark in England, and 
then focused his remarks on Stan's generosity to all those 
whom he happened to meet. He said that he had learned 
much from Stan about poetry, literature, and books, but most 
of all about livingwell. The memory of asimple hamburger 
lunch with Stan in Union Square in New York City encapsu- 
lated for Ed the joy of living that Stan brought to everything 
he did. 

John Wilcox-Baker had come to the Princeton meet- 
ing from England and spoke for all in Great Britain who 
knew and loved Stan Marx. John fondly recalled the warm 
welcome with which he was received by the Marxes when 
he first visited their home in Roslyn, 
New York, in connection with the 
work of raising funds for the Lewis 
Carroll Birthplace Trust. With a qua- 
vering voice John quoted the last sen- 
tence of Charlie Lovett 's Knight Let- 
ter (#47) tribute to Stan Marx: "I 
know that all who knew him will 
agree that this world is a good deal 
richer for Stan Marx having been 
here, and poorer today for his depar- 

Before introducing the first 
speaker on our program. Charlie dis- 
tributed a Twentieth Anniversary 
Meeting keepsake, a fine reprinting 
of Stan Marx's Shaw Alphabet 
"Jabberwocky" and announced the 
formation of a Stan Marx Memorial 

Twentieth Anniversary (continued from page i) 

Fund Committee to determine the kind of outreach programs 
to be undertaken in memory of Stan Marx. Further details 
will appear in forthcoming issues of The Knight Letter. 

Our first speaker, Dr. Edvige Giunta of Union Col- 
lege, has supplied us with the following abstract of her fas- 
cinating and ground-breaking talk, "Wonderland Wanderlads: 
Lewis Carroll through James Joyce's Looking Glosses". 
Joyce's letters establish his first reading 
of Carroll as occurring in 1927, by which time 
Joyce had published all his works and had been 
working on Finnegans Wake for a few years. 
Joyce's claim has led critics to regard the 
Carrollian materials as a later addition to "Work 
in Progress." However, the intricate biographi- 
cal/literary connections between the two authors, 
and Carroll's pervasive role in the "Circe" chap- 
ter of Ulysses, completed in 
1921, complicate the history of 
their relationship, compelling 
the reader to be wary of accept- 
ing the seemingly uncompli- 
cated account provided by 
Joyce and readily accepted by 
his critics. Unlike Homer, 
Shakespeare and Dante, who 
massively dominate the pan- 
orama of Ulysses, Lewis Car- 
roll represents an almost clan- 
destine presence in "Circe," the 
chapter Joyce chose to depict 
the descent into the uncon- 
scious, the "rabbit-hole" of 
Ulysses. Bloom's connection 
to Carroll, and HCE's connec- 
tion to both Bloom and Carroll 
- specifically his stutter, his 
sleepwalking, his somniloquy, 
and his attraction to young girls - trace the be- 
ginning of Joyce's use of Carroll to the years of 
the composition of Ulysses. In his letters, Joyce 
chose to misrepresent this reading of Carroll as 
"bits and scraps" he had only "heard." Instead, 
as he delved deep into the biography of Carroll 
and into his writings - long before 1927 - Joyce 
discovered connections between himself and 
Carroll that enabled him to transform Carroll into 
another of his "counterparts," a layer of his 
palimpsestic and protean literary persona. His 
elaborate disguise of the date of his "meeting" 
with Carroll elucidates his attitude towards and 
redefinition of the literary allusion, and his self- 
mocking interrogation of the relationship be- 
tween author and literary precursor which this 
notion of allusion entails. Joyce thus establishes 
the allusive game as a complicated intertextual 

Bloom's connection to 
Carroll, and HCE's 
connection to both Bloom 
and Carroll — specifically 
his stutter, his sleepwalk- 
ing, his somniloquy, and 
his attraction to young 
girls — trace the begin- 
ning of Joyce's use of 
Carroll to the years of the 
composition of Ulysses. 

exchange that shatters hierarchical distinctions 
between high and low genres, great and minor 
authors, imitated and imitator, life and fiction. 
Rather than striving to assert his originality, 
Joyce constructs his relationship to Carroll as a 
narrative in itself, a secret textual event embed- 
ded in the larger Joycean narrative, meant to 
function as yet another puzzle to keep "the pro- 
fessors busy." 

We were very fortunate to hear the poet Nina Cassian 
as our second speaker. She is the author of over fifty books 
in both her native Romanian and English, as well as a com- 
poser of chamber music, critic, and translator into Roma- 
nian of authors from Shakespeare to Mayakovsky. Before 
reciting, almost acting, her marvelous sounding Romanian 
"Jabberwocky," she explained how she herself has at vari- 
ous times in her life identified with Alice in the Pool of Tears, 
or in being watched by Playing Cards, and how she has set 
out to traverse a very long dream 
of her own. She even invented her 
own language whose name comes 
from a Romanian root meaning "to 
break." Placing Lewis Carroll 
firmly in {he avant-garde tradition 
stretching from Villon and 
Shakespeare to lonesco, she also 
discussed the influences on her 
own writing and attitude to lan- 
guage, and acknowledged the in- 
fluence of the Romaian mathema- 
tician and poet Ion Barbu. 
"BtzdTbocul," her version of 
"Jabberwocky" was published af- 
ter a long delay in the journal 
Secolul 20 (July 1991). It begins: 
"Dadeau in plopot ^opi asprili / 
Trombind, bor^ind prin ierboteci..." 
and although not many of us in the 
audience could understand Roma- 
nian, all agreed that Nina Cassian had captured something 
very much of the spirit of "Jabberwocky" which clearly was 
not lost in translation. 

After a brief break, Charlie rapidly led us through the 
business portion of the meeting. He summarized the state of 
the society, our financial position, publications schedule, and 
forthcoming meetings. The slate of nominated officers: presi- 
dent, Joel Birenbaum; vice president, Rosella Howe; trea- 
surer, Francine Abeles; and directors August Imholtz, Ellie 
Luchinsky, Kay Rossman, and Stephanie Stoffel was pre- 
sented and all were duly elected. Our retiring secretary, 
Maxine Schaefer, who for the past twenty years has been the 
only secretary the society has ever had, was praised by Charlie 
Lovett for her unstinting dedication to the society. A small 
part of her task had been answering thousands of letters. In 
recognition for her selfless work, Charlie presented Maxine 
with a custom-designed Dormouse teapot as a token of the 

continued on page 5 

Society Welcomes New Officers 

One of the aims of this society is to promote the min- 
gling of people as well as ideas, in keeping with that, the 
following brief statements will serve as "How d'ye do's" to 
introduce our new president, secretary, and editor. 

For those of you who haven't heard yet, 1, Joel 
Birenbaum, am the new president of the LCSNA. 1 imagine 
that up until a few years ago most of you would not have 
recognized my name. Before that 1 had attended meetings 
on and off (more off than on)^ read my Knight Letter reli- 
giously, and occasionally sent some tidbit in to the editor. In 
the last few years I have written many articles for the KL 
(last issue's was exceedingly long), curated an Alice exhibit 
at the Newberry Library, cre- 
ated a bibliographical data- 
base of all editions of /\//ce '5 
Adventures in Wonderland 
(a work by its nature always 
in progress), discovered a 
possible origin of the 
Cheshire Cat, was a member 
of the International Lewis 
Carroll Conference commit- 
tee, and led a tour of East 
Coast Carroll holdings for 
foreign visitors. 

So, what's the point? 
The point is that I under- 
stand that most members of 
the Society are content to 
remain in the background 
and participate passively. I 
believe that this is a part of 

any organization's group dynamic, but, due to the geographic 
dispersion of our organization, this is even more pronounced. 
For this reason it is critical that our newsletter provide the 
link that ties us all together. For many members the KL is the 
ONLY link to the Society. 1 am confident that our new editor 
will provide a newsletter that is both informative and enjoy- 

Let me share with you some thoughts about the 
LCSNA. The LCSNA is first and foremost a literary society 
whose objective is to further the study of Carroll and bring 
to the public a greater awareness of his accomplishments. 
There has been some concern that if we are not careful, we 
will turn into a fan club. In fact the LCSNA has been re- 
ferred to in these terms in a couple of articles. As every edu- 
cated person knows, this does not make it true. On the other 
hand, is being a fan of Lewis Carroll such a bad thing? If 
this means that you are enthusiastic about his work in gen- 
eral or one work in particular, I think not. There is room for 
both scholars and fans in the LCSNA, as long as we don't 
lose focus of what the Society's purpose is. 

1//? ^Dicip, \ q iaqs ioQ 

>c /i/?H /o q 05o;)Of?, 
\ q tot vdS <!^yz\, 

" IV^ 9 V\S^hi^ ti %7\ ! 
Q i\i qA ^71, q icxi qA iAt ! 

q JDVAzS ^AtoSvi !" 

From Stan Marx's translation oU abberwocky into the Shaw Alphabet 

1 am not a Lewis Carroll scholar. I came to the Society 
because of my interest in collecting illustrated editions of 
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and my desire to meet 
others with similar interests. I am pleased to say that the 
LCSNA has filled this need beyond my greatest expecta- 
tions. I have made lifelong friends around the globe through 
this pursuit. Although this is not the primary purpose of the 
Society, it is certainly a welcome side benefit. So, I will leave 
scholarly work to those more qualified. What 1 hope to bring 
to the position of president is a non-Alician, but very 
Carrollian, sense of order. I will be an administrator. That 
means others will have to do the hard work. We as an organi- 
zation will set goals and I will 
do all in my power to see that 
we reach those goals. 

My predecessor, with 
the help of the board and 
membership, has kept us on 
the path of scholarly accom- 
plishments that was started 
by our first president, the 
late Stan Marx. Our publica- 
tions have consistently been 
of a high quality and we are 
in the midst of a very impor- 
tant project to publish all the 
pamphlets of Charles 
Dodgson. To date we have 
published two volumes and 
are doing well enough finan- 
cially to continue with the 
next volume. I am pleased to 
announce that Charlie Lovett has agreed to be the chairman 
of the publications committee. I am certain that he will main- 
tain a level of quality that will be a source of pride to us all 
and will serve to enhance our reputation in the literary com- 

At the Spring meeting, in turning over the virtual gavel, 
Charlie Lovett presented me with a challenge — to bring a 
new and younger generation of Carrollians into the Society. 
1 will accept the challenge most gladly. I agree that this is an 
absolute necessity if the Society is to thrive into the next 
century. Aside from that, 1 love a challenge. I feel there is a 
timeless quality to Lewis Carroll that has, and will surely 
attract every generation. We simply have to make it known 
that we are here and ready to share current ideas and to en- 
tertain new ones. 

I welcome all suggestions, criticisms, and lavish praise 
from our members. Write me at 2765 Shellingham Drive, 
Lisle IL 60532, call me at (708) 964-1413, or e-mail me at 
joel.birenbaum( At the very least, I will be acces- 

continued on page 5 

Alice's Adventures in Cyberspace 

by Joel Birenbaum 

The Lewis Carroll Home Page is now an official stop 
on the Information Highway. I assume that many of you are 
unfamiliar with the structure of the electronic community, 
so I will present a little background material. There is a won- 
drous network called the internet that allows computers from 
around the world to communicate with each other. Universi- 
ties and corporations may have direct links to the network 
whereas individuals may link to the network via a service 
provider like America on Line, Netcom, CompuServe, or 
Prodigy. It provides instant (well, fairly rapid) access to in- 
formation and graphic images with a range far in excess of 
any conventional encyclopedia. 

Recently you may have read about a network within a 
network called the World Wide Web (WWW). Resident on 
the Web are Home Pages, which are files on computers in a 
specific format which contain whatever information the 
owner cares to put in them. Universities have Home Pages 
that are like the introductory pages of a catalog or brochure. 
Businesses may have Home Pages that promote products or 
are actual sales catalogs. Individuals may also install Home 
Pages that can be used to express personal opinions or sim- 
ply maintain an electronic presence. Generally this is done 
by college students who don't have to pay for access. These 
pages are composed of text and graphics, but more impor- 
tantly each page can have hypertext links to other pages on 
the Web. If you click your mouse on the blue highlighted 
text or border, the page currently displayed will be replaced 
by the page at the address referred to by the text. The page 
addresses can be on the same PC or on one in a different 
continent. Hopping from page to page is called "surfing the 
net". In order to participate in this electronic surfing, you 
must have a program like Netscape, Mosaic or Lynx loaded 
on your PC or accessible via your service provider. 

Now back to Carroll. On January 27, 1995 the Lewis 
Carroll Home Page was officially opened. The page is di- 
vided into sections denoted in a table of contents. The sec- 
tions are: What's New, Lewis Carroll organizations. Infor- 
mation, Events, E-texts, and Graphics. The What's New sec- 
tion is meant to be used by people who frequent the page 
often and don't want to sift through all the material to find 
what has been added since their last visit. Lewis Carroll or- 
ganizations is a list of ... you guessed it. The Information 
section has a pointer to a woefully short biography of 
Dodgson as mathematician that is resident in the UK and to 
a list of reference books supplied by yours truly. The Events 
section will have upcoming LCSNA meetings and any other 
events of which I am made aware. E-texts are pointers to 
Carroll texts available on the internet in electronic form. This 
section also includes pointers to other HomePages that have 
pointers to Carroll texts. The texts include both Alice books 

and the Hunting oftheSnark. The Graphics section has point- 
ers to graphic images related to Carroll. For the most part 
these are scanned in illustrations to the Alice books and the 
Snark, but there are also a couple of photographs and an 

Whereas I am sure 
Carroll would have 
been more 
travelling by rail, 
I think he would be 
pleased to know he 
was travelling at 
electronic speeds 
on his 165 th 

original artistic piece. The bulk of scanned illustrations and 
those of highest quality are hosted at the University of Sus- 
sex at Brighton. 

The Carroll Home Page can be found at URL (address) 
http://ux4/cso/uiuc/edu/--jbirenba/carroll.html. 1 would like 
to thank my son. Josh, for taking time from his busy sched- 
ule at the University of Illinois to install this page and make 
the numerous updates. I will try to get this page added to the 
many internet literary directories as I believe this will give 
more people access to information on Carroll and will pro- 
vide more exposure for the various Carroll organizations. 
Perhaps this is one place to look for the next generation of 
Carroll enthusiasts. 

Whereas I am sure Carroll would have been more com- 
fortable traveling by rail, I think he would be pleased to know 
he was traveling at electronic speeds on his 165th birthday. 

New Officers (continued from page 3) 

Twentieth (continued from page 2) 

Dr. Genevieve Bruaet Smith, who has most graciously 
consented to take on the responsibilities of Secretary, was 
born near Versailles. Her intention was to become a psychia- 
trist, but her medical studies were cut short by an unfortu- 
nate train accident. She came to the United States in 1962 in 
the company of her husband, Clark Smith. It was while earn- 
ing her doctorate at the University of California in Berkeley 
that a mentor proposed that she write her thesis on the influ- 
ence of Lewis Carroll on Eugene lonesco, Jean Cocteau, and 
three other French poets. In her own words, "I was very 
taken by the subject and did a lot of research on Lewis Car- 
roll. Later on, though, 1 had to change mentors and wrote my 
dissertation on lonesco." She has lived mainly on the East 
Coast since then, currently dwell- 
ing in Washington D.C., and is 
the Artistic Director of the The- 
atre HISTRIO, which performs at 
the French Embassy, as well as 
being an instructor at both the 
Smithsonian Institute and Johns 
Hopkins University. Her address 
corresponds with that of the So- 
ciety, below. 

Mark Burstein, the new 
editor of the Knight Letter, claims 
a genetic predisposition to all of 
this madness. His late grand- 
mother Lottie decorated the nurs- 
ery in her house with Alician 
wallpaper, which may have had 
a subliminal effect on her son, 
Sandor, whom most of you know 
as a renowned collector of Lewis 
Carroll, past president of the 
LCSNA, and Master of the Press 
of the Roxburghe club. Mark 

went to school at the University of California at Santa Cruz, 
where his independent major, "Number, Symbol, Myth, and 
Consciousness" (with a mathematics minor), produced a the- 
sis on a structuralist analysis o\ Through the Looking Glass, 
which story is recounted in his popular talk "To Catch a 
Bandersnatch". Together with his father, he formed the first 
authorized branch of the LCSNA, the West Coast Chapter, in 
1979, where he served as "Warden of Outland" and edited 
The Herald. The WCC flourished for a good ten years before 
disbanding after accomplishing many of its major goals, in- 
cluding the geographic decentralization of the LCSNA. He 
has given a multitude of talks to the Society, including "Alice 
Does Wonderland" (on Alician erotica), "Alice Through the 
Television Tube" and has written for Jabberwocky, Fine 
Print, and other magazines. In his other lives, he is a com- 
puter programmer, supernumerary for the San Francisco Op- 
era, and renowned authority on, and collector of Walt Kelly. 

gratitude of us all. Dr. Genevieve Smith has generously 
agreed to serve as interim secretary. 

August Imholtz spoke last on the program on the topic 
"Jabberwocky Revisited: More Noncsense?" He reviewed 
some newer critical readings of "Jabberwocky," presented 
some observations on the philosophical meanings of non- 
sense, indulged in an outrageous speculation of his own on 
the Russian verb meaning "to capture a chess piece" and 
the decapitation of the Jabberwock in Carroll's poem, and 
concluded with an obscure parody of "Jabberwocky." He 
began with Sidney Halpern's 1965 Psychoanalytic Review 
article "The Mother Killer," in which the author sees 
"Jabberwocky" as an echo of the Sumerian creation epic 

Enuma Elis in which matriar- 
chy is replaced by filiarchial 
forces in the form of Enlil (the 
very model of a beamish 
Sumerian boy). From 
Sumerian clay tablets, he 
jumped ahead four thousand 
years or so to Shakespeare's 
quartos and folios for critic 
Frank McCormick's analysis 
of "Jabberwocky" as a kind of 
Hamlet-\he. The linguistic ba- 
sis for his argument may be 
found in Horatio's "gibber" 
speech in the first act of Ham- 
let. And in this vein he finally 
assessed Professor Jean- 
Jacques Lecercle's recent re- 
valuation, or transvaluation, of 
Dr. Abraham Ettleson's 
Through the Looking-Glass 
Decoded in an article entitled 
"Lewis Carroll and the Tal- 
mud" published in the journal SubStance (vol. 22, no. 2/3. 
1993). At times it was somewhat difficult to follow August's 
explication of these texts because he was laughing so much 
as he delivered his talk. Finally, citing no less an authority 
than Harold Bloom, who said that the only meaning of a 
poem is another poem, he recited Paul Kieffer's splendid 
"Jerseywocky" with its "belmar blade going hackensack" 
and which begins (and ends): "Twas bergen, and the eric 
road / Did mahwah into patterson: / All jersey were the ocean 
groves / And the red bank bayonne." 

In bringing the meeting to a close, president Joel 
Birenbaum thanked Charlie Lovett for so ably and effec- 
tively serving as president of the society for the past four 
years, as editor of The Knight Letter, as a coordinator of the 
Second International Lewis Carroll Conference, and as co- 
editor of the Lewis Carroll pamphlets publishing project. 
Charlie was applauded by all for his contributions to the 
society and the memory of Lewis Carroll. 

Memorandum © Leslie Allen 1995 

Ink on Paper - Created for the Knight Letter 


By Mark Burstein 

"He thought he saw a Garden-Door 

That opened with a key: 

He looked again, and found it was 

A Double Rule of Three" 

It is with great excitement, humil- 
ity, and trepidation that 1 begin my stint 
as editor of this august journal (pun in- 
tended). Perhaps it is unwise to begin 
with an apologia, but as I write this I 
have no doubt that there will be some 
rough edges in this first issue. Charlie 
Lovett has done such a fine job, stand- 
ing on the shoulders of giants as it were, 
bringing the Knight Letter into the elec- 
tronic / desktop arena among other lit- 
erary accomplishments. I had hoped to 
simply take his templates and churn out 
an issue. No such fortune. He do Mac, I 
do Windows. 

This meant I had to start nearly 
from scratch while attempting to keep 
the design elements the same. I will 
spare you the litany of my travails with 
a new (for me) page making software 
yclept, naturally, PageMaker. We're just 
now starting to become tentatively 
friendly, after I got over the fact that 
their manual lies through its metaphori- 
cal teeth. 

Due to constraints of a variety of 
schedules and circumstances, I will not 
be able to see this before it hits the 
printed page, so may I beg your indul- 
gence and pardon in advance for any 
compromises I have had to reach in or- 
der to produce this issue on time. 1 have 
fretted inordinate amounts of time over 
the logo, for instance, to little result. 

Let me again express my deepest 
gratitude to August and Joel for supply- 
ing so much of the text. Issue #49 (a 
number fortuitously coincident with our 
local sports franchise) marks (intended 
again) a new beginning with promise 
of greater things to come. 

'"But why don't you scream 
now?" Alice asked, holding her hands 
ready to put over her ears again." 

'Why, I've done all the scream- 
ing already,' said the Queen. 'What 
would be the good of having it all over 

/ Carrollian 


Alice in Wondertown 

Daniel Diaz Torres 's 1991 film 
Alicia en el pueblo de Maravillas is to 
Cuban cinema what The Birth of a 
Nation is to ours - the most controver- 
sial film in the history of the nation. 
After a critically and popularly ac- 
claimed run of just four days, the 
movie was yanked from circulation by 
the government and has been the sub- 
ject of a raging political struggle ever 
since. y4/zc/a tells the story of a young 
woman who finds herself in the gro- 
tesque, surreal, satirical universe of a 
small town sanitarium. Animation, 
Carrollian references and the absurdist 
spirit of Wonderland abound. Diaz 
Torres, the subject of a lengthy inter- 
view in Cineaste, vol. XX no.l, says 
that Alicia will be rereleased in Cuba 
this year. 

Alice in Wonderglass 

August Imholtz reported seeing 
a "splendid" performance of Susan 
Botti's chamber opera Wonderglass, 
which played December 15th and 16th 
in New York City. Ms. Botti, the com- 
poser, librettist, and soprano produced 
this work under the auspices of the 

New York Foundation for the 
Arts and the National En- 
dowment for the Arts. The 
piece featured a octet of live 
musicians, animated films, 
and six operatically-trained 
singers (Carly Baruh, her "Alice", was 
eleven), and is described as "exploring 
the visions and adventures of Lewis Car- 
roll and his creations". 

Aldous in Wonderland 

Julia ("Judy") Arnold was a young 
favorite of Dodgson's, whom he photo- 
graphed "in Turkish fashion" posed in 
his study "gazing 'through' a looking 
glass" in 1871. Small wonder that her 
son, Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), had 
such a strong affinity for Carroll 
throughout his life, and that it was he 
whom Walt Disney first contracted to 
write a treatment for Carroll's best 
known tale. 

A fascinating article "Huxley's 
'Deep Jam' and the Adaptation oi Alice 
in Wonderland'" which appeared in The 
Review of English Studies (Clarendon 
Press, Oxford), vol. XLIII no.l 69, Feb- 
ruary 1992, throws light on an otherwise 
most obscure piece of film history. Piec- 
ing together the story with access to the 
Disney archives and Huxley's corre- 
spondence, the authors, Leon Higdon 
and Phill Lehrman, spin a fantastic yarn. 

Apparently, Walt Disney had 
originally envisioned a film to be called 
Alice and the Mysterious Mr Carroll 


Whether you are looking to begin a 
collection, increase your knowledge 
of books and book collecting, or hold 
your own in a conversation with bib- 
1 iophi les. Everybody s Guide to Book 
Collecting is for you. Written by col- 
lector/dealer/retiring LCSNA presi- 
dent Charlie Lovett and humorously 
illustrated by LCSNA member 
Jonathan Dixon, it is organized in a 
series of questions and answers, from 
"What is an antiquarian bookfair 
like?" or "How can I find a book re- 







storer or binder?" to "How 
should I catalog my collec- 
tion?". Lucid, informative, 
and highly recommended for 
everyone from neophytes to 
mavens and everyone in-be- 
tween. The price is $9.95 postpaid 
from Write Brain Publishers, 10714 
West 1 28th Court Suite 201 , Overland 
Park, Kansas 66213. 

©Jf P(©#P^ Sc ®^^^(Ti, 

which would combine animation and live action. The frame 
story would involve Carroll, a purported romance with 
Ellen Terry, Alice, Dodgson's hopes and struggles to be- 
come a librarian, Oxford politics, the governess Miss Beale 
(Disney always relished a strong villainess) and Queen 
Victoria as the deus ex machina who provides the denoue- 

In an early meeting, Disney is quoted as saying "I'll 
tell you what has been wrong with every one of these pro- 
ductions of Carroll. They have depended on his dialogue 
to be funny.. .There is a spirit behind Carroll's story. It's 
fantasy, imagination, screwball logic. ..but it must be funny. 
I mean funny to an American audience. To hell with the 
English audiences or the people who love Carroll..." 
[Excuse me? - ed.] 

So Huxley was hired as a "fiend" of the subject of 
Alice, in a letter he speaks of "preventing producer and 
director from putting in too many anachronisms and im- 
possibilities." An epic struggle was clearly in the making. 
Ultimately, however, Disney rejected the script for being 
"too literary" and the movie which emerged six years later 
did not name Huxley as one of the thirteen story editors 
listed in the credits for the movie "Based on the Story by 
Lewis Carrol (sic)". However, the complete story treatment 
as reprinted in this article presents a fascinating possibility 
- one that may have been somewhat realized in Dennis 
Potter 'sDreamc/?/ Wand in innumerable stage productions. 

Bibliographic Request 

Jon Lindseth and Bea Sidaway are attempting to com- 
pile a census of the recipients of the 1872 First Edition 
presentation copies of Through The Looking Glass which 
Lewis Carroll inscribed "Christmas 1871". According to his 
diary, he inscribed one hundred copies. Their census is up 
to forty names now and they would much appreciate hear- 
ing from anyone who is fortunate enough to have one of 
these copies or know something about the subject. They 
can be reached at 1 -800-321 -31 70 x 2059 or at The Kindt- 
Collins Company, 12651 Elmwood Ave., Cleveland OH 44222 
or at 21 6-252-5639 (Fax). 


The Concord, Massachusetts, Free Public Library, 129 
Main Street, Concord MA 01 742, Special Collections, has 
four small (ca. 8" x 11") dioramas by Louise Stimpson, 

creator of the large three- 
panel Alice diorama at the 
Boston Public Library. 

Silver State Fine Art 
Gallery is putting out a gar- 
ish $2500 serigraph by Ms. Jett Jackson called "Alice in Won- 
derland" due out in March. Contact 1 -800-999-9ART. 

LCSNAmemberTony Diterlizzi is from Jupiter (literally). 
He's an illustrator who has had his fantasy art published by 
TSR, the company that brought you Dungeons and Dragons. 
Joel writes, "One feels comfortable walking into his studio, but 
then you realize you are being watched. There are Muppet-like 
creatures peering from every nook and cranny. Tony is into 
several different media including character soft sculpture. His 
dormouse is so realistic that you are tempted to shake it and 
wake it up. He has also brought to life Tenniel's Cheshire Cat, 
White Rabbit, and painter cards. Adding to the Carrollian at- 
mosphere is a collection of antique camera equipment placed 
strategically around the house. Tony also does conventional 
drawings, paintings, computer-enhanced art, and will some- 
times accept commissions." Contact him at 1 20 Sherwood Circle 
#9B, Jupiter FL 33458 or (407) 743-4393. 

Unexpected Fans Department 

From an interview published \n Mediterranean 
Review, V^\x\{cx 1971: 

Oliver Evans: What other writers do 
you particularly admire? 

Paul Bowles: I'm always more inter- 
ested in living writers than in dead 
ones. ..and then of course there's Alice. 

OE: Alice? 

PB: In Wonderland. It's one of the 
books I've most enjoyed in my life. 
I'm always rereading it... 

Paul Bowles, composer, translator, expatriate, 
and author of The Sheltering Sky, Let It Come 
Down, etc. 




"A Lewis Carroll Pillow Problem: 
Probability of an Obtuse Triangle" by 
Stephen Portnoy, Professor of Statistics 
at University of Illinois, takes Carroll's 
1 893 problem of the odds of three ran- 
dom points having an obtuse angle, and 
corrects Mr. Dodgson's statistical rea- 
soning. Statistical Science, vol.9 no.2. 
May 1994. 

For those interested, articles on "Pla- 
nar Boojums" have appeared in 
Physica, May 1992, vol. 178 no.l and 
in Watsonia, vol. 18, Feb. 1991 

Family Fun magazine, April 1994, 
shows how to host an afternoon Mad 
Tea Party. Their suggestion that the kids 
change places every few minutes dis- 
plays a remarkable optimism. 

Philosophy of Nonsense by Jean- 
Jacques Lecercle (Routledge) contains 
an important study "The Intuitions of 
Victorian Nonsense Literature". 

Walt Kelly (1913-1973), one of 
America's greatest comic artists 
("Pogo") and illustrators was a devoted 
fan of Lewis Carroll. A catalog of his 
published drawings of Carroll material 
can be found in Much Ado: The 
Pogofenokee Trivia Book; an essay, 
"Three Little Maids: Walt Kelly and the 
Nonsense Tradition (of Lewis Carroll 
and James Joyce)" can be found in The 
Walt Kelly Collector 's Guide and a se- 
ries of previously unpublished illustra- 
tions to Humpty Dumpty's "Little 
fishes" poem can be found in the Pogo 
Fan Club's Fort Mudge Most, issue # 
41, all available from Spring Hollow 
Books, 6908 Wentworth Ave. So., 
Richfield MN 55423. 

Analog Magazine's Oclober 1994 issue 
printed part 3 of a story called 
"Starmind". The White Rabbit was 
identified as the Mad Hatter. Shame. 





British zoologist and journalist Matt 
Ridley's book The Red Queen: Sex and 
the Evolution of Human Nature 
(Macmillan, 1994) quotes TTLG and 
formulates "The Red Queen Theory" on 
sexuality and human nature. 

Art & Artifacts 

This fine rubber stamp is available from 
Ready-Made Rubber, RO.Box 563, 
Bownieville CA 95936. 

Looking for tree ornaments? 
EXIMIOUS of London offers Alice, 
Hatter and Hare #3503 and/or King, 
Queen, Knave of Hearts #3703 for $40 
a set @ 1-800-221 -9464. ..Bergdorf 
Goodman offers seven ones - hand 
made, hand painted fabric for $185 
(®1 -800-967-3788... The Smithsonian 
catalog shows five porcelain and fabric 
decorations for $18 or $75 for the set 
@ 1-800-322-0344. 

Gump's, 240 Post Street, San Francisco 
CA 94108 (1-800-284-8677) has dis- 

tributed its holiday catalogue which 
includes a Halcyon Enamel Sea Shell 
box (item LH52C - $190) whose outer 
lid shows a beach scene, but inside is 
inscribed, "O oysters, come and walk 
with us. ..along the briny beach. Lewis 

A tin box decorated with Tenniel Alice 
illustrations and a functioning clock on 
one side is available from the Norm Th- 
ompson catalog #10608 for $39. 1 -800- 
547-1160. PC Box 3999 Portland OR 


The Whole Toon Catalog, RO. Box 369, 
Issaquah WA 98027, features animated 
works on video. Their Alices include 
Disney's, Svankmajer's, Bunin's, 
"Betty in Blunderland" (Betty Boop 
Collection, vol.1), "Alice in Wonder- 
land in Paris", "Alphabet Conspiracy" 
{Bell Science Series) with Hans Conried 
as the Mad Hatter, Disney's "Alice in 
Cartoonland" {Cartoon Classics vo\3), 
"Porky in Wackyland" {Cartoon Col- 
lection vol.1), "Care Bears in Wonder- 
land", and Vince Collins' outrageous 
"Malice in Wonderland" {Adult Anima- 


Nippon Books is coming out with an 
"interactive museum Alice" on CD- 
ROM. Their catalog reads, "ALICE was 
created through the cooperation of three 
artists working in three different fields - 
the painter Kuniyoshi, the musician 
Kazuhiko Kato, and the computer 
graphics artist Haruhiko Shono." 1- 
800-652-1410 for further information. 

Softlink Europe has a library automa- 
tion catalogue called Alice, whose logo 
is an unmistakable drawing of our hero- 
ine. 26 Hanborough House, Lodge 
Road, Long Hanborough, Oson 0X7 
2LH, England. 

For assistance in preparing this issue we would like to thank: Joel Birenbaum, Richard Boothe, Sandor Burstein, 
Barbara Felicetti, Rosella Howe, August Imholtz, Janet Jurist, Charles Lovett, and Lucille Posner. 

Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is publishhed quarterly and 
is distributed free to all members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed to the 
Secretary, LCSNA, 1655 34th Street NW, Washington DC 20007. Annual membership dues are $20 (regular) & 
$50 (sustaining). Submissions and editorial correspondence shold be sent to the Editor, Mark Burstein, P.O. Box 
2006, Mill Valley CA 94942 or via e-mail at